An image doesn't have any perfect structure: it's just a set of marks on paper, grains in film, or pixels during a bitmap. While such a picture is beneficial, it's some limits. If the image is magnified much, its artifacts appear. The halftone dots, film grains, and pixels become pixelate. Images of sharp edges become fuzzy or jagged. See, for instance, pixelation. Ideally, a vector image doesn't have an equivalent problem. Edges and filled areas are represented as mathematical curves or gradients, and that they are often magnified arbitrarily (though in fact the ultimate image must even be rasterized in to be rendered, and its quality depends on the standard of the rasterization algorithm for the given inputs).

The task in vectorization is to convert a two-dimensional image into a two-dimensional vector presenting the image. it's not examining the image and attempting to acknowledge or extract a three-dimensional model which can be depicted; i.e. it's not a vision system. In vectorization, the form of the character is preserved, so artistic embellishments remain.

Vectorization is that the inverse operation like rasterization, as integration is to differentiation. And, even as with these other double operations, while rasterization is slightly or more straightforward and algorithmic, vectorization involves the reconstruction of lost information and thus requires heuristic methods.

Artificial images like maps, cartoons, logos, clip art, and technical drawings are perfect for vectorization. Those images could are originally made as vector images because they're supported geometric shapes or drawn with simple curves.

The input to vectorization is a picture, but a picture may are available many forms like a photograph, a drawing on paper, or one among several raster file formats. Programs that do raster-to-vector conversion may accept bitmap formats like TIFF, BMP, and PNG.

The output may be a vector file format. There are common vector formats are SVG, DXF, EPS, EMF, and AI.

Vectorization is often wont to update images or recover work. Personal computers often accompany an easy paint program that produces a bitmap computer file. These programs allow users to form simple illustrations by adding text, drawing outlines, and filling outlines with a selected color. Vectorization is often wont to recapture a number of the knowledge that was lost.

Vectorization is additionally wont to recover information that was original during a vector format but has been lost or has become unavailable. a corporation may have commissioned a logo from a graphic arts firm. Although the graphics firm used a vector format, the client company might not have received a replica of that format. the corporate may then acquire a vector format by scanning and vectorizing a paper copy of the brand.

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